HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer – Indian Finance Minister, Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman, announced that the government will focus on providing cervical cancer vaccination while presenting the Union Budget 2024. The cervical cancer vaccination program is available to all female citizens of the country between the age group of 9 to 45 years. With the help of the cervical cancer vaccination program, the government will significantly reduce the number of cancer patients in the countries. The Government of India will form committees in medical colleges in India for cervical cancer vaccination. Read the full post for complete information related to HPV vaccine including Why is HPV vaccination necessary? It works, benefits, who is the right vaccine, and much more.
hpv vaccine for cervical cancer
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HPV Vaccine for Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer, mainly caused by human papillomavirus infection, is the leading cancer in Indian women and the second most common cancer in women worldwide.
In the Union Budget 2024, the Government of India announced the launch of the Cervical Cancer Vaccination Scheme. A series of injections known as the HPV vaccine can protect you against HPV (human papillomavirus) infection. HPV is usually transmitted through skin-to-skin contact and is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are known to be about 40 strains of HPV that can be spread during sexual intercourse. 80% of sexually active people will have been infected with HPV at some point due to its widespread transmission.
Healthy immune systems are usually able to fight off viruses. However, some HPV infections never go away. A few of them develop cancer. For example, the majority of malignant tumors of the vagina and cervix are associated with HPV infection. Genital warts are another consequence of HPV infection. This is the main reason why immunization against HPV is important. If you are ever exposed to it, this is a safe and reliable way to avoid illness.
Why is HPV Vaccination Necessary?
The HPV vaccine protects against HPV infections that can turn into genital warts or cancer. Vaccination is not a cure. It is a way to prevent diseases. The vaccination cannot treat infection caused by a certain strain of HPV if you have already been exposed to it.
You can be protected with the HPV vaccine against strains you’ve never come into contact with before. They consist of low-risk and high-risk varieties. High-risk HPV strains can progress to malignancy.
Low-risk varieties can lead to annoying diseases such as genital warts, but they do not increase the risk of cancer. The Government of India has started producing HPV vaccination at a significant rate to reduce the number of cervical cancer cases in India.
Benefits of the HPV vaccine
Here are some of the main benefits of the HPV vaccine:
- To prevent cervical cancer, the HPV vaccine became widely available in 2006 for individuals assigned female at birth (AFAB). Since then, the prevalence of cervical cancer has decreased.
- For everyone who is sexually active or will be sexually active in the future, the HPV vaccine can reduce the chances of developing genital warts and HPV-related malignancies.
- Cases of HPV infections associated with genital warts and cancer have decreased by more than 80%.
- Vaccinating yourself against AMAB can also protect your sexual relationships.
- Although you can’t get cervical cancer, you can vaccinate your unvaccinated sexual partner by infecting them with strains of HPV that seriously increase your risk of cervical cancer.
- Regardless of sexual orientation, vaccination before sexual activity is the strongest line of defense against the virus.
- In 2011, the US Food and Drug Administration approved HPV vaccines for individuals assigned male at birth (AMAB). Unfortunately, there remains a low rate of HPV vaccination among AMAB individuals.
- This is particularly concerning because of the increase in HPV-associated throat malignancies in this population. These tumors, as well as penile and anal cancer, can be prevented by the vaccine.
Who is Not Eligible for the HPV Vaccine?
The HPV vaccine is not recommended for the following reasons:
- If you are pregnant with a baby, it is recommended that you get vaccinated after giving birth because there is not much information regarding its safety during pregnancy.
- If you have an adverse reaction to a dose from a previous HPV vaccination or its chemicals, tell your healthcare professional.
- Tell them about any severe allergies you have, such as a latex or yeast allergy, because they may make you more susceptible to an allergic reaction.
- If you have moderate to serious illness. It may be necessary to postpone getting vaccinated until you are well. Find out from your doctor when it is safe to get the shot.
Side Effects of the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine
Many HPV vaccine recipients experience almost no adverse effects at all. Pain in the arm after the injection is a very minor side effect that some people have reported experiencing.
The majority of moderate side effects of HPV vaccination are as follows:
- High temperature
- Fatigue or headache
- Pain in the joints or muscles
- Inflammation, redness, or pain in the arm as a result of the injection
- Dizziness or fainting (teenagers are more likely to faint than others after any vaccination, including the HPV vaccine).
How to Benefit from the Cervical Cancer Vaccination Scheme
- Applicants can go to the nearest medical college to avail the benefits of vaccination against cervical cancer.
- The applicant must fill out the application form there.
- After filling out the application form and attaching all the required documents.
- Submit the application form.
- After some time you will receive the vaccination against cervical cancer.
Doctor’s offices, community health centers, school health centers, and health agencies may offer the HPV vaccine. You can also contact your state health department.
The HPV vaccine protects against genital warts and most cases of cervical cancer.
The vaccine is approved for use in both males and females ages 9 to 45 years.