[PDF] New Education Policy 2021 – #NEP2020, Complete Information

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The Cabinet Committee of the Central Government recently approved the “New Education Policy 2020-2021 (नई शिक्षा नीति NEP)”. The National Education Policy 2020 will return two crore school children to the mainstream. A new 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 curriculum started with 12 years of education and 3 years of Anganwadi/Preschool. People can now see the latest news about education here and they can implement a New National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 PDF Download online.

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What is the New Education Policy 2021 – क्या है नई शिक्षा नीति

With no major separation between academic streams, emphasis will be placed on extra-curricular, professional streams in schools, literacy, and numeracy. Vocational education from the sixth class will begin with training in the new National Education Policy 2020. Teaching in the mother tongue / regional language until the fifth level will be compulsory. With a comprehensive 360-degree progress card, improvement of assessment and tracking of student progress to achieve learning outcomes, etc. is also included.

NEP2020-EDU

Who created NEP? – नई शिक्षा नीति 2020-21

A panel of experts led by former ISRO chief K Kasturirangan has discussed the issues and changes that will happen in the Indian education system – from school to college to employment. These suggestions were compiled and approved by the Ministry.

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Highlights of New Education Policy

Name of SchemeNew Education Policy 2021 (NEP)
in Languageनई शिक्षा नीति
Name of MinistryUnion Cabinet Minister for Human Resource Development, Government of India
HRD MinisterDr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank
Launched byCentral Government of India
BeneficiariesStudents of India
Major BenefitProvide New Reforms and Infrastructure In India
New Education Policy Launched Date29 July 2020
Scheme ObjectiveEducation System Reform
Official Websitehttps://www.mhrd.gov.in/

New Education PolicyThe New School Education Structure, 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 Foundation Formula

  • Children in the first three years will receive pre-school education in Anganwadi. Then in the next two years, children will be taught in first and second classes in school. A new curriculum will be prepared for these five years of study. The focus will be largely on activity-based learning. It will cover children between three and eight years old. In this way, the first five years of studies will be completed.
  • Preparatory stage At this stage, classes three to five will be studied. During this time, children will be taught science, mathematics, arts, etc. through experiments. Children from 8 to 11 years old will be covered.
  • Middle Stage – classes 6-8 will be covered, children aged 11-14 will be covered by these subject-based classes. Skills development courses will start in sixth grade.
  • The secondary stage from the ninth to twelfth class will be studied in two phases, where an intensive study of the subjects will be conducted. There will also be the freedom to choose subjects.
  • Earlier this system was not in pre-school in government schools. There was a general education from first grade to 10. From grade 11, subjects could choose.

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Other important changes in school education – Salient Features of #NEP2020

  • Dr. Kasturirangan said, that vocational education, which grants professional knowledge from the sixth class itself, leads the committee that was formed to finalize the new education policy, and now the child will be given vocational education and skills from the sixth grade himself.
  • Internships will also be conducted at the local level. Emphasis will be placed on vocational education and skills development.
  • The new education policy will not create unemployment. At school, the child will be given the necessary professional education.
  • The tenth and twelfth Board exams will be easy. Major changes will be made to the Board exams for classes 10th and 12th.
  • The importance of the council’s exams will be underestimated. There are many important suggestions. Such as taking exams twice a year, and dividing them into two objective and explanatory sections.
  • The main focus of the council exam will be on the knowledge test so that students’ tendency to memorize ends.
  • Students are always under pressure with regard to council tests and rely on training to get more marks. But in the future, they can get freedom from it.
  • The education policy states that the various councils will prepare a practical model for board exams in the coming times. Such as annual and quarterly exams and units.
  • Under the new policy, exams will also be held in classes Three, Five, and Eight. While the exams for plates 10 and 12 will continue to be a variable.

New Education Policy 2021-22: Latest News Updates [Highlights]

There will be changes to the children’s report cards to assess children’s performance in schools. They will be evaluated on three levels. One will be a student, the other is a classmate, and the third is his teacher.

Draft NEP was introduced in 2019 as it gained rapid appreciation as well as intense criticism. Soon the proposal to make the Hindi language one of the indispensable languages ​​was rejected. Then the draft was put into the public domain and suggestions were invited from people and all stakeholders regarding policy. The Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD) has received millions of suggestions and the draft NEP has been amended accordingly.

Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriel Nishank said India’s new National Education Policy (NEP) is based on the concepts of equality, quality, and accessibility.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi, addressing a meeting on “Transformational Reforms in Higher Education under National Education Policy,” said the New National Education Policy (NEP) would be the foundation of the new India.

#NEP2020 #VidyarthiDevoBhava, we will ensure that curricular content is reduced, to enhance students’ basic learning/critical thinking.

New Education Policy: Highlights [Table Format]

TopicsDetails
Outcomes of NEP 2020-21* Universalisation from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4
* Attaining Foundational Learning & Numeracy Skills through National Mission by 2025
* 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030
* Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023
* Inclusive & Equitable Education System by 2030
* Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge
* Every child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill
* Common Standards of Learning in Public & Private Schools
Major Reforms: School EducationBoard exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge instead of rote learning mother tongue to be a medium of instruction till 5th class report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements national mission to focus on basic literacy and basic numeracyMajor changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed* New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, School, Teachers and Adult Education
* Board Examination will be Low Stakes, Based on Knowledge Application
* Medium of Instruction till at least Grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond in Home Language/ Mother tongue/ Regional Language
* 360-degree Holistic Progress Card of Child
* Tracking Student Progress for Achieving Learning Outcomes
* National assessment center – PAREKH
* NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission TO HEIs
* National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
* Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries
* Transparent online self-disclosure for public oversight and accountability
* Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)
* National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
* 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
* Curriculum to integrate 21st Century Skills, Mathematical Thinking, and Scientific temper
* No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-Curricular activities, between Vocational and Academic streams
* Education of Gifted Children
* Gender Inclusion Fund
* KGBVs up to Grade 12
* Reduction in Curriculum to Core Concepts
* Vocational integration from Class 6 onwards
Use of Technology* Us of Technology in
* Education Planning
* Teaching Learning & Assessment
* Administration & Management
* Regulation- Self Disclosure & Minimum Human Interface
* Increasing Access for Disadvantaged Groups
* Divyang Friendly Education Software
* e-Content in Regional Language
* Virtual Labs
* National Educational Technology Forum (NETF)
* Digitally Equipping Schools, Teachers, and Students* Graded Autonomy: Academic, Administrative & Financial
* Phasing out Affiliation System in 15 years
* National Mission on Mentoring
* Independent Board of Governors (BoG)
* Single Regulator for Higher Education (excluding Legal and Medical)
* On-line Self Disclosure based Transparent System for Approvals in place of ‘Inspections’
* Common Norms for Public and Private HEIs
* Private Philanthropic Partnership
* Fee fixation within Board Regulatory Framework
* Public Investment in Education Sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest
Major Reforms: Higher Education* 50% Gross Enrolment Ration by 2035
* Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education- Flexibility of Subjects
* Multiple Entry/Exit
* UG Programme – 3 or 4 years
* PG program – 1 or 2 years
* Integrated 5-year bachelor’s/Master’s
* M Phil to be discontinued
* Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits
* HEIs: Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree-Granting College
*Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU)
* The present Education Policy was adopted in 1986 which have been continued till date that is for last 34 years
* The country got the education policy after 34 years
* The Union Cabinet, chaired by the PM himself, has approved the draft of the National Education Policy today morning.
* The Cabinet has also accepted the proposal of changing the name of MHRD to the Education Ministry.
* The vision of creating an education system that contributes directly to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower.
Evolution of Education Policy* University Education Commission (1948-49)
* Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)
* Education Commission (1964-66) under Dr. D. S. Kothari
* National Policy on Education, 1968
* 42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976- Education in Concurrent List
* National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986
* NPE 1986 Modified in 1992 (Programme of Action, 1992)
* T.S.R. Subramaniam Committee Report (May 27, 2016)
* Dr. K. Kasturirangan Committee Report (May 31, 2019)

Content, Curriculum, and Pedagogy – new education policy 2020 5+3+3+4

The 10+2 curriculum structure will be replaced by the 5+3+3+4 curriculum structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, 14-18 years old respectively. The new system will include 12 years of education with three years of Anganwadi or pre-school.

To implement the changes at each level, a comprehensive restructuring of curricula, teaching methods, and content must be carried out according to the NCF (National Curriculum Framework) and content models must be reconsidered to modify textbooks.

Teacher training and availability

NEP 2020 talks about creating higher performance standards for teachers that clearly articulate the role of the teacher at different levels of experience/stage and the competencies required for that stage. Teachers will also need to be trained digitally to integrate into digital learning processes.

How to successfully implement the National Education Policy 2020 21

  • To successfully implement the NEP at all levels, the government will need to create incentives for stakeholders so that implementation is smooth and standardized.
  • Formulating tools in the form of legal, policy, regulatory and institutional mechanisms.
  • Building reliable information repositories.
  • Develop resilience across higher education institutions, regulators, and government agencies.
  • Develop credibility through transparent procedures and participation of all stakeholders.
  • Develop sound management principles.

Schools will indeed need to redefine the teaching and learning process for the proper implementation of NEP 2020 21 to actually witness a path of transformation to achieve an exceptional result.

Changes Made in Higher Education

50% Increase In GER

The NEP (new education policy) aims to increase the current GER (Gross Enrolment Ratio) from 26.3% to 50 by 2035. According to the NEP, 3.5 crores of new higher education seats are expected to be added.

Interdisciplinary general education

The policy provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary, and broad-based college education with flexible study plans, more choices in choosing subjects, including a focus more on vocational education, and more flexibility to enter and leave the course with an accredited degree. Undergraduates will now have the option to choose the number of years according to their requirements ranging from 1-4 years with the appropriate degree. For example, Certificate after 1 year, Advanced Diploma after 2 years, License after 3 years, Research License after 4 years.

Regulations or Systems

The Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be established as a single and comprehensive coordinating body for all higher education, except medical and legal education. HECI will have four independent segments:

  • The National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) regulates.
  • General Education Council (GEC) for Standardization.
  • Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) funding.
  • National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation.

HECI will operate through anonymous interference through technology and will have the ability to penalize higher education institutions that do not comply with the rules and standards.

In India, there are about 15 lakh schools, 25 crore students and 89 lakh teachers. The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) scheme launched by the Atal Bihari Vajpayeeled Government in the year 2001 has pushed primary education and has become a tool for implementing the Right to Education Act.

National Education Policy 2020 2021 – Ministry of Education – https://www.education.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/NEP_Final_English_0.pdf

Important Links

EventLinks
Official WebsiteClick Here
New Education Policy 2021 PDF – [English]Click Here
New Education Policy 2021 PDF – [Hindi]Click Here
India Report Digital EducationClick Here
PRAGYATA – Guidelines for Digital Education
Click Here

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